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Fungal Genet Biol. 2005 Nov;42(11):893-903. Epub 2005 Oct 13.

Conditional lethal disruption of TATA-binding protein gene in Penicillium marneffei.

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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.


Problems can arise in studying the regulation of transcription in fungi if gene disruption is employed to evaluate the role of essential transcription factors. Herein, we have developed a method to characterize the essential genes of Penicillium marneffei. This has been used to examine the significance of P. marneffei TATA-binding protein (TBP) in growth and development. Strains in which the expression of TbpA could be regulated were constructed by placing tbpA under the control of the xylP promoter. The construct was introduced into P. marneffei and the resulting strains were used to produce P. marneffei tbpA deletion strains. Phenotypic examination of growth of the tbpA overexpressing strains revealed that high levels of TbpA expression inhibit fungal growth at conidial germination in both filamentous and yeast forms. Under repressing conditions, the tbpA deletion strains failed to grow at 25 degrees C whilst showing reduced growth at 37 degrees C. The results suggested that TbpA is essential for P. marneffei filamentous growth, but plays a less significant role in growth and development during the yeast phase.

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