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Chemosphere. 2006 Apr;63(2):202-11. Epub 2005 Oct 14.

Growth of Phanerochaete chrysosporium on diesel fuel hydrocarbons at neutral pH.

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UNU-GIST Joint Programme on Science and Technology for Sustainability, International Environmental Research Center, Gwangju 500-712, Republic of Korea.


Generally, the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium performs its biodegradative activities in liquid culture while growing on easily utilized carbon sources such as malt- or potato-extract. However, less is known about the potential of this organism to grow directly on environmental pollutants without regard to special conditions. Growth of P. chrysosporium on a middle fraction (MF) of diesel fuel at neutral pH in mineral medium under non-ligninolytic conditions was explored. After 14 d, the GC-analyzable n-alkanes of 1000 mg l(-1)MF were reduced to background, with most biodegradation occurring by day 7 when quantified relative to the biodegradation of the internal fuel biodegradation marker, pristane. Investigations with n-hexadecane and unmodified diesel fuel further confirmed these biodegradation results. Biomass production was monitored and indicated that fungal biomass was more than 10 times less than positive controls (potato dextrose broth, PDB) but that biomass increased relative to negative controls. When P. chrysosporium was incubated with diesel fuel and PDB, fuel biodegradation was delayed for at least 4d and inhibited overall through 14 d. Experiments with P. chrysosporium growing on n-hexadecane in the presence of 1 mM 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT), an inhibitor of the cytochrome P-450 enzyme system, resulted in inhibition of biomass production relative to positive controls implicating the utilization of this enzyme system in n-alkane metabolism. Finally, when P. chrysosporium was incubated in a non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and MF, n-alkanes and phenanthrene were degraded in 2 weeks while anthracene, chrysene and benzo[a]pyrene were not.

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