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Br J Haematol. 2005 Nov;131(3):313-9.

Differential expression of CD 180 and IgM by B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells using mutated and unmutated immunoglobulin VH genes.

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Department of Immunology and Molecular Pathology, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK.


We have studied the surface expression of the Toll-like receptor family member CD 180 on cells from 78 patients with B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL). B-CLL cells had variable levels of CD 180 expression, but this was always less than that expressed by normal blood B cells and was stable for 24 months. Significantly higher levels of CD 180 were expressed by B-CLL cells with mutated IGVH genes compared with those using unmutated IGVH genes. This was in contrast to the higher levels of expression of surface immunoglobulin M by B-CLL cells using unmutated, rather than mutated IGVH genes. CD 180 was functional on B-CLL cells from some of the patients, as shown by the increased expression of CD 86 following incubation in vitro with anti-CD 180. The differential expression of CD 180 amongst B-CLL patients is one more marker that may define more precisely the different biological properties of this heterogeneous disease.

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