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J Clin Epidemiol. 2005 Nov;58(11):1199-205. Epub 2005 Aug 25.

In a retrospective study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease inpatients, respiratory comorbidities were significantly associated with prognosis.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ychen@uottawa.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Comorbidities may be related to the prognosis for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We examined respiratory comorbidities associated with length of stay and in-hospital mortality among COPD patients.

METHODS:

We used the Hospital Person Oriented Information (HPOI) database of Statistics Canada for a 5-year period. Over 4 years (fiscal years 1994-1995 to 1998-1999), 143,135 records listed COPD as the most responsible diagnosis for men and 122,065 records for women aged 40 years or more, and 75,780 men and 69,539 women were admitted to hospital at least once. Logistic regression modeling was used to examine the relationships between respiratory comorbidities and hospital outcomes adjusting for covariates.

RESULTS:

Of the COPD patients, 10% had pneumonia-influenza and 3% had asthma as comorbid conditions. Women had a higher prevalence of asthma than men. The median length of stay at hospital was approximately 7 days, and 95% of patients were discharged alive. The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for pneumonia-influenza in relation to in-hospital death was 3.56 (3.31, 3.83) for men and 3.29 (3.00, 3.61) for women. For comorbid asthma the corresponding odds ratios were 0.56 (0.36, 0.61) and 0.54 (0.35, 0.57), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

COPD inpatients with pneumonia-influenza had a worse prognosis and those with asthma had a better prognosis.

PMID:
16223664
DOI:
10.1016/j.jclinepi.2005.03.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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