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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1992 Jun;73(6):519-26.

Quantifying handicap: a new measure of long-term rehabilitation outcomes.

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1
Research Department, Craig Hospital, Englewood, CO 80110.

Abstract

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), handicaps exist when individuals are unable to fulfill expected social roles. Although ameliorating handicaps is one of the prime goals of rehabilitation, its effectiveness in this area is poorly measured and has not been documented empirically. Therefore, the Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique (CHART) was designed to quantify the extent of handicap in individuals. Using dimensions of handicap identified and described by the WHO, CHART uses measurable, behavioral terms to compare such individuals with the norms of able-bodied members of society. Test-retest, proxies, and independent raters have established the validity and reliability of CHART. Rasch analysis has verified the CHART scaling and scoring procedures. In addition, an initial application of CHART, with a group of 342 spinal cord injured individuals, is described. Beyond demonstrating the instrument's effectiveness in assessing the extent of handicap or social disadvantage, this application, by documenting rehabilitation outcomes, demonstrates the potential usefulness of CHART for program evaluation.

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PMID:
1622299
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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