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Anticancer Drugs. 2005 Nov;16(10):1135-7.

Lasting remission following multimodal treatment in a patient with metastatic breast cancer.

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Department of Hematology/Oncology, Klinikum Grosshadern, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.


We report on a lasting remission from multimodal treatment in a patient with hepatic metastasized breast cancer. After surgical removal of a singular hepatic metastasis, the patient underwent leukapheresis of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMCs). For induction chemotherapy, the patient received 2 cycles of epirubicin and paclitaxel (ET). After 1 cycle of epirubicin and ifosfamide (EI), peripheral blood stem cells were harvested. After a final cycle of ET, the patient underwent high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT; thiotepa 600 mg/m/melphalan 180 mg/m) and autologous stem cell transplantation. Once reconstitution was achieved, PBMCs were reinfused followed by i.v. application of a trifunctional antibody (TrAb) with specificities anti-EpCAMxanti-CD3. TrAbs are able to simultaneously bind tumor cells, T cells, and additionally FcgammaR type I and III+accessory cells via their Fc region. Side-effects during treatment were hematotoxicity, mucositis and gastrointestinal toxicity. TrAb treatment resulted in intermittent fever, chills, elevated liver enzymes, systemic inflammatory response syndrome and pulmonary leakage. With a follow-up period of more than 8 years the patient is still in remission (96+months). This case suggests the feasibility and efficacy of combining surgery, standard and HDCT, and subsequent immunotherapy in metastatic breast cancer. Further investigation of this approach is indicated in a subgroup of patients with oligometastatic breast cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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