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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 2005 Dec 7;142(1):9-18. Epub 2005 Oct 10.

Altered long-term synaptic plasticity and kainate-induced Ca2+ transients in the substantia gelatinosa neurons in GLU(K6)-deficient mice.

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1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA.

Abstract

Functional kainate receptors are expressed in the spinal cord substantia gelatinosa region, and their activation contributes to bi-directional regulation of excitatory synaptic transmission at primary afferent synapses with spinal cord substantia gelatinosa neurons. However, no study has reported a role(s) for kainate receptor subtypes in long-term synaptic plasticity phenomena in this region. Using gene-targeted mice lacking glutamate receptor 5 (GLU(K5)) or GLU(K6) subunit, we here show that GLU(K6) subunit, but not GLU(K5) subunit, is involved in the induction of long-term potentiation of excitatory postsynaptic potentials, evoked by two different protocols: (1) high-frequency primary afferent stimulation (100 Hz, 3 s) and (2) low-frequency spike-timing stimulation (1 Hz, 200 pulses). In addition, GLU(K6) subunit plays an important role in the expression of kainate-induced Ca2+ transients in the substantia gelatinosa. On the other hand, genetic deletion of GLU(K5) or GLU(K6) subunit does not prevent the induction of long-term depression. These results indicate that unique expression of kainate receptors subunits is important in regulating spinal synaptic plasticity and thereby processing of sensory information, including pain.

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