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FEBS J. 2005 Oct;272(20):5169-81.

Dynamin-related proteins and Pex11 proteins in peroxisome division and proliferation.

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1
Ruhr-University-Bochum, Medical Faculty, Institute of Physiological Chemistry, Bochum, Germany.

Abstract

The abundance and size of cellular organelles vary depending on the cell type and metabolic needs. Peroxisomes constitute a class of cellular organelles renowned for their ability to adapt to cellular and environmental conditions. Together with transcriptional regulators, two groups of peroxisomal proteins have a pronounced influence on peroxisome size and abundance. Pex11-type peroxisome proliferators are involved in the proliferation of peroxisomes, defined here as an increase in size and/or number of peroxisomes. Dynamin-related proteins have recently been suggested to be required for the scission of peroxisomal membranes. This review surveys the function of Pex11-type peroxisome proliferators and dynamin-related proteins in peroxisomal proliferation and division.

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