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Am J Dis Child. 1992 May;146(5):615-21.

School-based adolescent health care. Review of a clinical service.

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Department of Pediatrics, North Shore University Hospital-Cornell University Medical College, Manhasset, NY 11030.



To provide recommendations regarding the establishment and maintenance of school-based clinics, based on analysis of data from a clinic located in a New York City high school.


Review of demographic, medical, and psychosocial data collected during student visits.


During 2 1/2 years, 1283 students were seen. The students were 53% girls and 47% boys; 65% black and 25% Hispanic; and 65% grades 9-10 and 35% grades 11-12.


There were 7920 visits. Visits were for acute or chronic medical problems (44%), physical examinations and immunizations (25%), gynecologic or sexuality-related issues (17%), and mental health concerns (14%). Psychosocial characteristics of the 378 students who enrolled during the 1989-1990 academic year indicated that only 27% lived with both natural parents, 55% were foreign-born, 37% had repeated a grade at least once, 44% were sexually active, 13% drank alcohol, and 14% had past or present suicidal ideation.


These data demonstrate that a school-based clinic can be involved in the management of a wide range of health care needs for large numbers of at-risk youth. In addition, school-based clinics can serve as a major site for the teaching of medical students and residents, and as a valuable resource for clinical research.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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