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Mar Pollut Bull. 2006 Feb;52(2):175-83. Epub 2005 Oct 7.

Metabolites in bile of fish from São Sebastião Channel, São Paulo, Brazil as biomarkers of exposure to petrogenic polycyclic aromatic compounds.

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1
Instituto Oceanográfico, Universidade de São Paulo, Praça do Oceanográfico, 191, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP 05508-900, Brazil. densilva@usp.br

Abstract

This study reports the analysis of polycyclic aromatic compound (PAC) metabolites, as biomarkers of exposure to PACs in marine environment. PAC metabolites were measured in bile samples from 14 species of demersal fish caught in the São Sebastião Channel (SSC), SE Brazilian coastline. Naphthalene (NPH) equivalents, phenanthrene (PHN) equivalents, and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) equivalents were quantified using a reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with fluorescence detection method. For all samples, the means (+/-standard deviation, n=37) of concentrations obtained for NPH, PHN, and BaP equivalents were, respectively, 290,000+/-200,000 ng/g, 18,000+/-14,000 ng/g, and 970+/-1900 ng/g. These results indicate recent exposure of these fish to PACs in their environment. In addition, two species (Cyclichthys spinosus and Prionotus nudigula) of fish were analyzed in order to investigate local sources of PAC contamination in the SSC and the influence of the petroleum terminal in fish caught in remote areas. The results showed that these fish species potentially migrate along the channel, especially P. nudigula. Correlations among groups of PAC metabolites indicate the same petrogenic source for NPH and PHN equivalents and a combustion source (e.g., automobile, ships) for BaP equivalents. The ratio BaP/PHN equivalents (0.05+/-0.07, n=37) confirms the predominance of petrogenic PACs for contamination by these chemicals in this region.

PMID:
16216283
DOI:
10.1016/j.marpolbul.2005.08.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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