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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2005 Nov;11(11):862-7.

Irrigation with antibiotic-containing solutions for the prevention and treatment of infections.

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1
Alfa Institute of Biomedical Sciences (AIBS), Athens, Greece. matthew.falagas@tufts.edu

Abstract

Administration routes for antimicrobial agents used in clinical practice include the topical, inhaled, enteral and parenteral routes. An antibiotic administration route used frequently worldwide, although not well-studied, involves the irrigation of wounds with antibiotic-containing solutions for the prevention and treatment of infections. This review considers the data available from various experimental and clinical studies in order to provide an update on the use of antibiotic-containing solutions in modern clinical practice. Although irrigation with antibiotic-containing solutions has been suggested to be beneficial in the prevention or treatment of infections in several settings and patient populations, no firm, evidence-based recommendations can be made regarding its use until additional data from well-designed, randomised clinical trials become available. Current exceptions include empyema following lobectomy, or pneumonectomy and pyocystis (vesical empyema), since irrigation with solutions containing antimicrobial agents seems to be a crucial component of the management of these conditions.

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