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Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2005 Sep;6(3):129-32.

Enamel defects in children with coeliac disease.

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1
Dept Paediatric Dentistry, University of Leeds, England.

Abstract

AIM:

This was to investigate the prevalence of enamel developmental defects in a group of children with a history of coeliac disease.

METHODS:

A study group of children attending the Dept. Paediatrics (Leeds General Infirmary), born between 1985 and 1986 and subsequently diagnosed and treated for coeliac disease (CD) were recruited. A group of age/sex-matched children attending the Paediatric Dentistry department were used as a control group (Cont). Examinations were carried out for enamel defects and opacities (DDE index), dmf, dmfs, DMF and DMFS (BASCD method), and a full medical and dental history were obtained.

RESULTS:

Significantly more children in the CD group had a greater number of enamel defects than controls for both primary (p=<0.02) and permanent (p=<0.001) dentitions. Opacities in both primary and permanent teeth were statistically significantly greater in the CD group than controls (p=<0.04 and p=<0.001 respectively). Dental caries in both primary and permanent dentitions was less in the CD group compared with the control group of children.

CONCLUSION:

Coeliac disease was associated with an increased prevalence of developmental enamel defects.

PMID:
16216092
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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