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Am J Perinatol. 2005 Oct;22(7):377-82.

Cesarean section, gestational age, and transient tachypnea of the newborn: timing is the key.

Author information

1
Department of Neonatology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors and to characterize infants with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). A total of 67 newborns with TTN, born at gestational age (GA)>or=35 weeks, were studied. Newborns delivered before and after each study case served as controls. Mean GA was lower and cesarean section (CS) rate was higher in the TTN group (38.2+/-2.3 versus 39.5+/-1.4 weeks, p<0.001; 50.7% versus 22.4%, p<0.001). GA<38 weeks was found to be associated with increased risk for TTN in infants delivered by elective CS. TTN was associated with significant morbidities and longer hospital stay (7.2+/-5.6 versus 2.9+/-1.4 days; p<0.001). Delivery by CS and younger GA are risk factors for TTN. Although TTN is a self-limited disease, it is associated with significant morbidities. Scheduling elective CS at GA of not less than 38 weeks may decrease the frequency of TTN.

PMID:
16215925
DOI:
10.1055/s-2005-872594
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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