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Int J Palliat Nurs. 2005 Sep;11(9):468-74.

Spiritual aspects of end-of-life care for Muslim patients: experiences from Iran.

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Doctoral Nursing Department, Tehran School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran, Iran.


The aim of this article is to describe the spiritual aspects of palliative care of Muslim patients based on experiences of end-of-life care in Iran. The religions of the world play a major part in the life cycle of their adherents, and most have rituals and beliefs concerning the care of dying people. For Muslims, death is believed to be not only the cessation of a complex set of biochemical processes, but also a belief that the spirit continues to live and dying is a passage from this world to the resurrection. The spirit is believed to be eternal and does not perish with death. According to Muslims' beliefs, reading of the Quran (the main religious text) can produce peace of mind in those who are near death. Nursing research has shown that the spiritual dimension of care infiltrates all aspects of nursing care. Palliative care nurses need to be informed about religious aspects of people around the world as a part of palliative care. This article indicates the methods of attending to spiritual care for Muslim patients based upon our experiences in Iran.

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