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Acta Paediatr Suppl. 2005 Oct;94(449):68-73.

Post-discharge nutrition for the preterm infant.

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Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Schneider Children's Hospital at North Shore, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York 11030, USA.


Newly designed, 'enriched,' formulas are now available for the formula feeding premature infant after hospital discharge. These new formulations add to the array of milks from which to choose when the discharge of the premature infant is approaching. However, the data to support optimal or reference nutrient intakes to use for the premature infant in the post-discharge are lacking. Breastfeeding should be encouraged as its beneficial effects may be related to the duration in which it is fed. Infants at risk for growth failure in the post-discharge period, such as infants unable to consume ad libitum intakes of milk, and who already have growth faltering or abnormal nutritional indices, may benefit for the addition of enriched formula. This review summarizes the recent data and comments on recommendations on post-discharge nutrition for premature infants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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