Send to

Choose Destination
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Nov 25;337(3):824-31. Epub 2005 Sep 29.

Novel time-dependent vascular actions of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma.

Author information

School of Biomedical Sciences, E Floor, Queen's Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK. Saoirse.o'


Cannabinoids have widespread effects on the cardiovascular system, only some of which are mediated via G-protein-coupled cell surface receptors. The active ingredient of cannabis, Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), causes acute vasorelaxation in various arteries. Here we show for the first time that THC also causes slowly developing vasorelaxation through activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma (PPARgamma). In vitro, THC (10 microM) caused time-dependent vasorelaxation of rat isolated arteries. Time-dependent vasorelaxation to THC was similar to that produced by the PPARgamma agonist rosiglitazone and was inhibited by the PPARgamma antagonist GW9662 (1 microM), but not the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist AM251 (1 microM). Time-dependent vasorelaxation to THC requires an intact endothelium, nitric oxide, production of hydrogen peroxide, and de novo protein synthesis. In transactivation assays in cultured HEK293 cells, THC-activated PPARgamma, transiently expressed in combination with retinoid X receptor alpha and a luciferase reporter gene, in a concentration-dependent manner (100 nM-10 microM). In vitro incubation with THC (1 or 10 microM, 8 days) stimulated adipocyte differentiation in cultured 3T3L1 cells, a well-accepted property of PPARgamma ligands. The present results provide strong evidence that THC is a PPARgamma ligand, stimulation of which causes time-dependent vasorelaxation, implying some of the pleiotropic effects of cannabis may be mediated by nuclear receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center