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Viral Immunol. 2005;18(3):474-89.

Statins could be used to control replication of some viruses, including HIV-1.

Author information

1
Research Center in Infectious Diseases, CHUL Research Center, Laval University, 2705 Laurier Boulevard, Quebec, Canada G1V 4G2.

Abstract

Statins are mainly known for their plasma cholesterol-lowering properties and are widely used for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. They however also exert pleiotropic effects through a variety of mechanisms, among which several immunosuppressive effects that are unrelated to their cholesterol-lowering activity. Interestingly, there has been recent evidence of antiviral effects, including preliminary studies on the efficacy of statins against HIV-1. This paper more particularly focuses on the specific inhibition of the binding of leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) to intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) by statins, independently of the inhibition of HMGCoA reductase. Targeting the statin-binding site within LFA-1 or regulating LFA-1 affinity by inhibiting prenylation of the small GTPases could prove useful to treat inflammatory, autoimmune diseases and possibly viral infections, including HIV-1.

PMID:
16212526
DOI:
10.1089/vim.2005.18.474
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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