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J Biol Chem. 2005 Dec 2;280(48):39870-81. Epub 2005 Oct 6.

Identification and characterization of a novel human type II diacylglycerol kinase, DGK kappa.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Chuo-ku, Sapporo 060-8556, Japan.


Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) plays an important role in signal transduction through modulating the balance between two signaling lipids, diacylglycerol and phosphatidic acid. Here we identified a tenth member of the DGK family designated DGK kappa. The kappa-isozyme (1271 amino acids, calculated molecular mass, 142 kDa) contains a pleckstrin homology domain, two cysteine-rich zinc finger-like structures, and a separated catalytic region as have been found commonly for the type II isozymes previously cloned (DGKdelta and DGKeta). The new DGK isozyme has additionally 33 tandem repeats of Glu-Pro-Ala-Pro at the N terminus. Reverse transcriptase-PCR showed that the DGK kappa mRNA is most abundant in the testis, and to a lesser extent in the placenta. DGK kappa, when expressed in HEK293 cells, was persistently localized at the plasma membrane even in the absence of cell stimuli. Deletion analysis revealed that the short C-terminal sequence (amino acid residues 1199-1268) is necessary and sufficient for the plasma membrane localization. Interestingly, DGK kappa, but not other type II DGKs, was specifically tyrosine-phosphorylated at Tyr78 through the Src family kinase pathway in H2O2-treated cells. Moreover, H2O2 selectively inhibited DGK kappa activity in a Src family kinase-independent manner, suggesting that the isozyme changes the balance of signaling lipids in the plasma membrane in response to oxidative stress. The expression patterns, subcellular distribution, and regulatory mechanisms of DGK kappa are distinct from those of DGKdelta and DGKeta despite high structural similarity, suggesting unique functions of the individual type II isozymes.

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