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Herpes. 2005 Oct;12(2):46-9.

HHV-6 and seizures.

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Department of Pediatrics, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.


Human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) is a ubiquitous virus, but one that can induce various neurological diseases. Recently, several seizures have been reported as new HHV-6-associated diseases based on virological analysis. Neonates who are perinatally infected with HHV-6 can develop afebrile seizures, which are considered to be exanthem subitum (ES) in the neonatal period. Infants with ES also tend to develop atypical febrile seizures. After primary infection, HHV-6 commonly establishes latency in the central nervous system (CNS) and sometimes reactivates in the hippocampus, causing limbic encephalitis and temporal lobe epilepsy. These HHV-6-associated CNS diseases due to virus reactivation can occur in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts. This article summarizes HHV-6-associated seizures during childhood.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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