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Radiology. 1992 Aug;184(2):519-24.

MR imaging of the normal shoulder: variants and pitfalls.

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1
Department of Radiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha 68198.

Abstract

In 30 volunteers with normal shoulders, the following conclusions were made with regard to normal anatomic features at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging: (a) The supraspinatus tendon has low signal intensity, except for a 1-cm area with intermediate signal intensity in the region of the "critical zone." (b) The deltoid tendon attachment on the inferior surface of the acromion may simulate a subacromial spur if not imaged in continuity. (c) Fluid in the long head of the biceps tendon sheath is normal if not completely surrounding the tendon. (d) The anterolateral branch of the anterior humeral circumflex vessels in the proximal bicipital groove adjacent to the biceps tendon mimics fluid in the tendon sheath. (e) Continuity or obliteration of the subacromial-subdeltoid bursal fat plane is an unreliable diagnostic sign since the fat plane is often focally absent. (f) Fluid is not detected in subacromial-subdeltoid bursae. (g) Undercutting of the anterior glenoid labrum by hyaline cartilage or a closely apposed middle glenohumeral ligament may simulate an anterior labral tear.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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