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J Cell Physiol. 2006 Feb;206(2):495-502.

Interaction of PP2A catalytic subunit with Rb2/p130 is required for all-trans retinoic acid suppression of ovarian carcinoma cell growth.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA.


All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) treatment causes CAOV3 ovarian carcinoma cells to growth arrest in the G0/G1 phase and to elevate the level of Rb2/p130 protein. PP2A, a serine/threonine phosphatase, binds and dephosphorylates Rb2/p130, thereby increasing the half-life of Rb2/p130 in the cell. In order to further characterize the interaction between Rb2/p130 and PP2A upon ATRA treatment, we examined the posttranslational modification of PP2A. ATRA treatment leads to hypophosphorylation of PP2A catalytic subunit (PP2Ac) that correlates with increased PP2A activity. In addition, the N-terminus of PP2Ac binds directly to NLS sequences located in the C-terminus of Rb2/p130. Furthermore, CAOV3 cells transfected with a truncated Rb2/p130 construct consisting of only the wt C-terminus grew more aggressively and were less sensitive to ATRA treatment when compared to parental CAOV3 cells. In contrast, CAOV3 cells transfected with a truncated Rb2/p130 construct consisting of only the C-terminus in which the NLS sites were mutated and which could not interact with PP2A, were as sensitive to ATRA treatment as parental CAOV3 cells. These studies suggest that ATRA treatment suppresses the growth of CAOV3 cells via a novel posttranscriptional mechanism involving PP2A.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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