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J Infect Dis. 2005 Nov 1;192(9):1606-12. Epub 2005 Sep 26.

Population-based epidemiological study of infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the Calgary Health Region: importance of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL)-producing strains.

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Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Centre for Anti-microbial Resistance, and Calgary Health Region, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.



A study was conducted in the Calgary Health Region between May 2002 and April 2004 to define the population-based epidemiological characteristics of infections caused by imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and to explore the clinical outcomes due to metallo- beta -lactamase (MBL)-producing and non-MBL-producing strains.


Detailed clinical information was obtained by chart review, and phenotypic and molecular characterizations were performed using the MBL E-test, polymerase chain reaction with sequencing, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.


A total of 228 patients with infections caused by imipenem-resistant P. aeruginosa were identified (annual incidence, 10.5 cases/100,000 population), with the highest incidence rate in those >or=75 years old. MBL-producing strains (98/228) were associated with higher rates of multidrug resistance and bacteremia. Ninety MBL-producing strains also produced VIM-2, 4 produced IMP-7, and 4 were unclassified. A cluster of VIM-2-producing strains was responsible for a nosocomial outbreak during 2003. The case-fatality rate was significantly higher for infections caused by MBL-producing strains than for those caused by non-MBL-producing strains (25% vs. 13%; relative risk, 1.98 [95% confidence interval, 1.00-3.90]; P=.05).


MBL-producing P. aeruginosa strains were associated with a higher case-fatality rate and invasive disease. Our study highlights the potential importance of molecular laboratory techniques in infection control and patient care.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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