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Nucleic Acids Res. 1992 Jun 25;20(12):2941-5.

Differential binding of human nuclear proteins to Alu subfamilies.

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Institute of Cytology, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Leningrad, Russia.


Several diagnostic differences that distinguish human Alu subfamilies are clustered just downstream from the B box of the RNA polymerase III promoter; we tentatively refer to this diagnostic region as the DB box. Assuming that this region might determine the relative transcriptional activity of Alu subfamilies, we examined the interaction of nuclear proteins with DB box sequences representing different Alu subfamilies. Gel mobility shift assays suggest the existence of two factors which discriminate among the DB boxes of different Alu subfamilies: 1) An abundant, ca. 50 kd, protein binds more stably to a young 'PV' Alu subfamily (PVS) than to the older major subfamily (MS). 2) Methylation of CpG dinucleotides stimulates the binding of a less abundant, ca. 70 kd, protein to the DB boxes of younger Alu subfamilies.

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