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Blood. 2006 Jan 15;107(2):661-8. Epub 2005 Oct 4.

Potential protective action of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP38) on in vitro and in vivo models of myeloma kidney injury.

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US-Japan Biomedical Research Laboratories, Tulane University F. Edward Hebert Research Center, 3705 Main St, Belle Chasse, LA 70037, USA.


The most common type of renal injury in multiple myeloma is chronic tubulointerstitial nephropathy associated with casts in tubule lumens, an entity referred to as "myeloma kidney" that often progresses to end-stage kidney diseases. Myeloma kidney is associated with a significant increase in all-cause mortality, yet no effective intervention, except a limited use of steroid, is available. Here, we report that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide with 38 residues (PACAP38) dramatically prevents injury of cultured renal proximal tubule cells caused by myeloma light chains through suppression of proinflammatory cytokines production, by inhibiting p38 MAPK and translocation of NFkappaB via both PAC(1) and VPAC(1) receptors. The suppressive effects of PACAP was as effective as dexamethasone in all of their cytokine assays and demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, PACAP38 inhibits myeloma cell growth directly and may also indirectly by suppressing production of the growth factor, IL-6, from bone marrow stromal cells, that is stimulated by adhesion of myeloma cells. These findings render PACAP38 worth evaluation as a promising candidate for an effective and safe renoprotectant in myeloma kidney, and possibly other nephropathy, and also as a new antitumor agent in multiple myeloma.

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