Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genes Dev. 2005 Oct 1;19(19):2355-66.

Hfq-dependent regulation of OmpA synthesis is mediated by an antisense RNA.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Uppsala University, S-75124 Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

This paper shows that the small RNA MicA (previously SraD) is an antisense regulator of ompA in Escherichia coli. MicA accumulates upon entry into stationary phase and down-regulates the level of ompA mRNA. Regulation of ompA (outer membrane protein A), previously attributed to Hfq/mRNA binding, is lost upon deletion of the micA gene, whereas overexpression of MicA inhibits the synthesis of OmpA. In vitro, MicA binds to the ompA mRNA leader. Enzymatic and chemical probing was used to map the structures of MicA, the ompA mRNA leader, and the complex formed upon binding. MicA binding generates a footprint across the ompA Shine-Dalgarno sequence, consistent with a 12 + 4 base-pair interaction, which is additionally supported by the effect of mutations in vivo and by bioinformatics analysis of enterobacterial micA/ompA homolog sequences. MicA is conserved in many enterobacteria, as is its ompA target site. In vitro toeprinting confirmed that binding of MicA specifically interferes with ribosome binding. We propose that MicA, when present at high levels, blocks ribosome binding at the ompA translation start site, which-in line with previous work-secondarily facilitates RNase E cleavage and subsequent mRNA decay. MicA requires the presence of the Hfq protein, although the mechanistic basis for this remains unclear.

PMID:
16204185
PMCID:
PMC1240044
DOI:
10.1101/gad.354405
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center