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Cancer Res. 2005 Oct 1;65(19):8968-74.

Epidermal growth factor-independent transformation of Ba/F3 cells with cancer-derived epidermal growth factor receptor mutants induces gefitinib-sensitive cell cycle progression.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA. jingrui_jiang@dfci.harvard.edu

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays critical roles in many biological processes and in tumorigenesis. Here, we show that two mutated EGFRs found in lung and other malignancies, EGFR-G719S and EGFR-L858R, could transform Ba/F3 cells to interleukin-3 (IL-3)-independent growth, in a ligand-independent manner, an activity associated with the transforming function of other mutated tyrosine kinases. The mutated receptors are autophosphorylated in the absence of IL-3 without EGF stimulation, and their expression led to the constitutive activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 5, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), ERK5, and AKT. In wild-type EGFR-expressing Ba/F3 cells, the major EGF-mediated signaling pathways were still intact. Gefitinib inhibited the growth of mutant EGFR-transformed Ba/F3 cells. Strikingly, the gefitinib sensitivity of cells expressing the L858R mutant was significantly greater than that of cells expressing the G719S mutant form, suggesting that distinct EGFR mutations may be differentially sensitive to small-molecule inhibitors. Furthermore, our data showed an antiproliferative effect of gefitinib on the EGFR-transformed Ba/F3 cells. Our results provide a model system to study the function of mutated EGFR and the differential effects of pharmacologic EGFR inhibition on the distinct mutant forms of this tyrosine kinase.

PMID:
16204070
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-05-1829
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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