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Respir Med. 2006 Apr;100(4):682-6. Epub 2005 Oct 3.

Capillary blood gases in acute exacerbations of COPD.

Author information

1
Department of Accident and Emergency Medicine, The Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Old Dalkeith Road, Little France, Edinburgh EH16 4SU, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the correlation and agreement between measurements of PO(2), PCO(2), H(+) and HCO(3)(-) in arterial and capillary blood in patients with acute exacerbations of COPD. To assess the repeatability of capillary measurements.

DESIGN:

Method comparison study.

SETTING:

Accident and emergency department in a university teaching hospital.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Measurements of PO(2), PCO(2), H(+) and HCO(3)(-) in one arterial and two capillary samples taken from consecutive patients with acute exacerbations of COPD.

RESULTS:

The agreement between measurements of PCO(2), H(+) and HCO(3)(-) in arterial and capillary blood was good with mean differences of 0.087 kPa, 1.044 nmol/l and 0.513 mmol/l, respectively. The corresponding 95% limits of agreement were narrow. The agreement between measurements of PO(2) was poor with a mean difference of 1.256 kPa and wide 95% limits of agreement. There was good repeatability between capillary samples with mean differences of 0.094 kPa, 0.674 nmol/l and 0.028 mmol/l for measurements of PCO(2), H(+) and HCO(3) respectively and narrow coefficients of repeatability.

CONCLUSIONS:

Capillary blood gas measurements provide an accurate assessment of PCO(2), H(+) and HCO(3)(-) and can be used to reliably measure the ventilatory status of patients. Combined with continuous pulse oximetry they can be used as an alternative to arterial blood gas measurements in patients with acute exacerbations of COPD.

PMID:
16203125
DOI:
10.1016/j.rmed.2005.08.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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