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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Nov 18;337(2):647-54. Epub 2005 Sep 26.

Interleukin-1beta targets interleukin-6 in progressing dextran sulfate sodium-induced experimental colitis.

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Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Japan.


Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an immunologically mediated disorder that is characterized by chronic, relapsing, and inflammatory responses. Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced experimental colitis in mice has been recognized as a useful model for human IBD and interleukin (IL)-1beta is a key cytokine in the onset of IBD. The purpose of the present study was to clarify which pro-inflammatory mediators are targeted by IL-1beta in mice with DSS-induced colitis. First, we found that DSS markedly induced IL-1beta production in both dose- and time-dependent manners (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively) in murine peritoneal macrophages (pMphi), while that of tumor necrosis factor-alpha was insignificant. Further, the expressions of mRNA and protein for IL-1beta were increased in colonic mucosa and pMphi from mice that received drinking water containing 5% DSS for 7 days (P < 0.01, each). In addition, the expressions of IL-6, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA were also time dependently increased (P < 0.01, each). Furthermore, administration of rIL-1beta (10 microg/kg, i.p.) significantly induced the expressions of IL-1beta and IL-6 mRNA in colonic mucosa from non-treated mice (P < 0.01). Anti-mIL-1beta antibody treatments (50 microg/kg, i.p.) attenuated DSS-induced body weight reduction and shortening of the colorectum (P < 0.05, each), and abrogated the expressions of IL-1beta and IL-6 mRNA in colonic mucosa (P < 0.01, each). Our results evidently support the previous findings that IL-1beta is involved in the development of DSS-induced experimental colitis in mice, and strongly suggest that IL-1beta targets itself and IL-6 for progressing colonic inflammation.

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