Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Methods. 2005 Sep;37(1):37-47. Epub 2005 Sep 29.

Short order nanohole arrays in metals for highly sensitive probing of local indices of refraction as the basis for a highly multiplexed biosensor technology.

Author information

  • 1Technology and Engineering Center, Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology Department, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


A small array of subwavelength apertures patterned in a gold film on glass was characterized for use as a biosensor. It is widely believed that such arrays allow the resonance of photons with surface plasmons in the metallic film. Surface plasmon methods (and other evanescent wave methods) are extremely well suited for the measure of real time biospecific interactions. An extremely high sensitivity of 88,000%/refractive index unit was measured on an array with theoretical active area of .09 microm2. The formation of a biological monolayer was monitored. Both sensitivity and resolution were determined through measurement. The measured resolution, for a sensor with an active area of less than 1.5 microm2, is 9.4 x 10(-8) refractive index units which leads to a calculated sensitivity of 3.45E6%/refractive index unit. These values far exceed theoretical and calculated values of other grating coupled surface plasmon resonance (SPR) detectors and prism based SPR detectors. Because the active sensing area can be quite small (.025 microm2) single molecule studies are possible as well as massive multiplexing on a single chip format.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center