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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Oct 4;46(7):1288-94.

Malignant entity of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia initiated by premature extrasystoles originating from the right ventricular outflow tract.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Research Institute, National Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics and the efficacy of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) and/or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia initiated by ventricular extrasystoles originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT).

BACKGROUND:

Ventricular fibrillation and/or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia are occasionally initiated by ventricular extrasystoles originating from the RVOT in patients without structural heart disease.

METHODS:

Among 101 patients without structural heart disease in whom RFCA was conducted for idiopathic ventricular tachyarrhythmias arising from the RVOT, we examined the clinical characteristics and the efficacy of RFCA in 16 patients with spontaneous VF and/or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia initiated by the ventricular extrasystoles originating from the RVOT.

RESULTS:

Among 16 patients, spontaneous episodes of VF were documented in 5 patients, and 11 patients had prior episodes of syncope. Holter recordings showed frequent isolated ventricular extrasystoles with the same morphology as that of initiating ventricular extrasystoles, and non-sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia with short cycle length (mean of 245 +/- 28 ms) in all 16 patients. Radiofrequency catheter ablation by targeting the initiating ventricular extrasystoles eliminated episodes of syncope, VF, and cardiac arrest in all patients during follow-up periods of 54 +/- 39 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data suggest that the malignant entity of idiopathic VF and/or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia was occasionally present in patients with idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias arising from the RVOT. Radiofrequency catheter ablation was effective as a treatment option for this entity.

PMID:
16198845
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2005.05.077
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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