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Patient Educ Couns. 2005 Oct;59(1):87-96.

The role of work-related and personal factors in diabetes self-management.

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1
University Medical Center Utrecht, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, Section of Medical and Health Psychology (Str. 3.130), The Netherlands.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate how factors in the workplace and personal factors are related to the frequency with which people with diabetes perform self-management activities and the degree to which they do or do not experience the performing of self-management activities as a burden. Two hundred and ninety-two employees with insulin-treated diabetes completed questionnaires on socio-demographic and illness-related background variables, work experience, diabetes self-efficacy, social support outside of work, coping styles and self-management activities. The results indicate that employees who reported a high workload were more likely to perceive injecting insulin as a burden. The level of social support was positively related to the frequency of dietary self-management in type 2 diabetes and negatively related to the sense of being burdened by dietary self-management in type 1 diabetes. With respect to personal factors, we found that a diabetes avoidance coping style was associated particularly with infrequent blood glucose monitoring and a high sense of being burdened by blood glucose monitoring. Individuals with a low level of self-efficacy were more likely to perceive all types of self-management activities as a burden. These results may guide health professionals when counseling individuals with diabetes.

PMID:
16198222
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2004.10.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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