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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Sep 2;95(10):105501. Epub 2005 Sep 1.

Size dependence of the thin-shell model for carbon nanotubes.

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Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

There has been much debate on the choice for the representative wall thickness for the thin-shell model, although this model has demonstrated remarkable success in capturing many types of behavior of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), in determining the buckling strains under compression, torsion, and bending, in particular. This analysis, using the Tersoff-Brenner potential and ab initio calculations, shows that the elasticity of the model thin shell evolves from isotropic to square symmetric with the decreasing tube diameter, leading to significant diameter dependence for all the elastic moduli and the representative wall thickness. Furthermore, the elastic moduli of multiwalled carbon nanotubes of diameters up to 10 nm are also size dependent.

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