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Proteomics. 2005 Nov;5(16):4052-61.

State-of-the-art in phosphoproteomics.

Author information

1
Protein Mass Spectrometry and Functional Proteomics Group, Rudolf-Virchow-Center for Experimental Biomedicine, Julius-Maximilians-University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany.

Abstract

Presently, phosphorylation of proteins is the most studied and best understood PTM. However, the analysis of phosphoproteins and phosphopeptides is still one of the most challenging tasks in contemporary proteome research. Since not every phosphoprotein is accessible by a certain method and identification of the phosphorylated amino acid residue is required in the majority of cases, various strategies for the detection and localization of phosphorylations have been developed. Identification and localization of protein phosphorylations is mostly done by MS nowadays but phosphoproteins and -peptides are often suppressed in comparison to the unphosphorylated species if measured in complex mixtures. Thus, the isolation of pure phosphopeptide samples is a main task. This review gives an overview over the most frequently used methods in isolation and detection of phosphoproteins and -peptides such as specific enrichment or separation strategies as well as the localization of the phosphorylated residues by various mass spectrometric techniques.

PMID:
16196093
DOI:
10.1002/pmic.200401289
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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