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Leuk Lymphoma. 2005 Oct;46(10):1397-407.

Significance of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) load and interleukin-10 in post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders.

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Division of Haematology, Niguarda Hospital, Milan, Italy.


The complex relationship between EBV, IL-10 and lymphomagenesis has been widely investigated and several studies have highlighted the diagnostic value of EBV DNA copies and serum IL-10, that may be considered as tumor markers. Notwithstanding the great number of data published in the last few years on the behavior of EBV DNA copies in the peripheral blood of transplanted patients, a threshold value significant for impending or overt post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) has not yet been defined. Too many factors, both technical and clinicopathological, may affect the results of clinical studies, making their comparison difficult. On the contrary, although the role of IL-10 in PTLDs has been well documented, a sufficient number of studies exploring sensitivity and specificity of serum IL-10 measurement is lacking. The aim of this review is to summarise data on EBV load quantification and serum IL-10 detection in transplanted patients, providing clinicians with wide and useful information in order to improve bedside management of transplanted patients with regard to PTLDs occurrence and treatment.

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