Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Environ Res. 2005 Oct;99(2):253-61. Epub 2005 Jan 18.

Renal clearance of perfluorooctane sulfonate and perfluorooctanoate in humans and their species-specific excretion.

Author information

1
Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto University, Graduate School of Medicine, Yoshida Konoecho, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.

Abstract

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) are detected in the environment, as well as more specifically in wildlife and humans. However, the toxicokinetic aspects of perfluorochemicals in humans are unclear. In this study, we measured concentrations of PFOA and PFOS in subjects who had lived in Kyoto city for more than 10 years. The serum concentrations of PFOA and PFOS were higher in females who menstruated than those who did not menstruation (P<0.01), but in males this did not change by age; the levels in females reached those in males at an age of 60 years. We then determined the renal clearances of PFOA and PFOS in young (20-40 years old, N=5 for each sex) and old (60 years old, N=5 for each sex) subjects of both sexes. All young females were menstruating, while all old females were not. The renal clearances were 10(-5)-fold smaller than the glomerular filtration rate in humans, suggesting the absence of active excretion in human kidneys. The renal clearances of PFOA and PFOS were approximately one-fifth of the total clearance based on their serum half-lives, assuming a one-compartment model. The sex differences in renal clearance that have been reported in rats and Japanese macaques were not found in our human subjects. We tried to build a one-compartment pharmacokinetic model using the reported half-lives in human. The model was simple but could predict the serum concentrations in both males and females fairly well. We therefore suggest that an internal dose approach using a pharmacokinetic model should be taken because of the large species differences in kinetics that exist for PFOA and PFOS.

PMID:
16194675
DOI:
10.1016/j.envres.2004.12.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center