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Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2005 Aug;19(4):251-9.

AT1 receptor blockade prevents cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction in rats.

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Laboratoire NVMC, IFRT 130 Ingénierie pour le Vivant, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France.


Myocardial infarction (MI) can induce severe alterations of contractile function that can, in turn, lead to heart failure. In a previous study, we have demonstrated that TNF-alpha was involved in cardiac contractile dysfunction 7 days after coronary artery ligation in rats. Since Angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor can be involved in TNF-alpha production, we have investigated whether early short-term treatment with irbesartan, an AT1 receptor blocker, is able to limit TNF-alpha production within the heart and to improve cardiac function and geometry following MI in rats. Male Wistar rats were subjected to permanent coronary artery ligation and received either a placebo or irbesartan (50 mg/kg/day) per os daily from day 3 to day 6 after surgery. On day 7, cardiac TNF-alpha was significantly reduced in MI rats receiving irbesartan (p < 0.05). Moreover, irbesartan improved residual LV end-diastolic pressure under both basal conditions and after volume overload (p < 0.01). In addition, a significant leftward shift of the pressure-volume curve in the irbesartan-treated group was found versus placebo. Finally, infarct expansion index was also significantly improved by irbesartan (p < 0.01). In conclusion, early, short-term AT1 receptor blockade limits post-infarct cardiac TNF-alpha production and diminishes myocardial alterations observed 7 days after MI in the rat.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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