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Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 2006 Jun;9(3):337-42. Epub 2005 Sep 28.

Psychotropic drugs affect Ser9-phosphorylated GSK-3 beta protein levels in rodent frontal cortex.

Author information

1
Stanley Research Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev and Mental Health Center, Beersheva, Israel.

Abstract

Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta, a serine/threonine kinase highly abundant in brain is a negative regulator of signal transduction cascades including the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3-K)/Akt and the Wnt. GSK-3beta has recently been suggested to be an intracellular target of the mood stabilizers lithium and valproate and of the typical and atypical antipsychotic agents haloperidol and clozapine. We have previously shown that these agents do not alter frontal cortex GSK-3beta protein levels or activity. The current study was conducted to assess the effect of psychotropic drugs on phospho-Ser9-GSK-3beta levels in rodents. Chronic administration of haloperidol to rats resulted in a significant reduction in frontal cortex phospho-Ser9-GSK-3beta protein levels and no change in those of GSK-3alpha, while chronic administration of clozapine or subchronic administration of valproate caused significant elevation of GSK-3beta protein levels. Mice treated chronically with lithium exhibited the most prominent elevation in phospho-Ser9-GSK-3beta. The results support the notion that GSK-3beta may be a common target for mood stabilizers and neuroleptics.

PMID:
16191209
DOI:
10.1017/S1461145705006097
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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