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J Am Acad Dermatol. 1992 Jul;27(1):51-4.

Diagnostic utility of magnetic resonance imaging in malignant melanoma.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Saga Medical School, Japan.

Erratum in

  • J Am Acad Dermatol 1993 Mar;28(3):513-5.



Dermatologists sometimes have difficulty in making the diagnosis of a melanocytic tumor.


Our purpose was to establish a noninvasive method for the diagnosis of malignant melanoma. We investigated the diagnostic usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 23 lesions of primary malignant melanoma, metastatic malignant melanoma, and benign pigmented skin tumors.


The morphologic characteristics and the signal intensity of the tumors were analyzed to differentiate malignant and benign pigmented skin tumors by means of the tumor-to-fat contrast ratio of the signal intensity.


The morphologic characteristics of the tumors obtained by MRI were not an absolute criterion for diagnosis of malignant melanoma, but the signal intensity of the tumor assessed by the tumor-to-fat contrast ratio on T2-weighted images clearly differentiated between primary malignant melanoma and benign pigmented skin tumors.


These findings indicated that MRI is useful for noninvasive diagnosis of malignant melanoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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