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Br J Cancer. 2005 Oct 17;93(8):884-9.

Randomized scheduling feasibility study of S-1 for adjuvant chemotherapy in advanced head and neck cancer.

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  • 1Department of Biology and Function in the Head and Neck, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Japan.


The purpose of this study was to determine the feasible adjuvant therapy administration schedule of S-1 for locoregionally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Patients receiving definitive treatments were randomly assigned to either arm A (51 cases) receiving oral S-1 of 2-week administration followed by 1-week rest for 6 months, or arm B receiving S-1 of 4-week administration followed by 2-week rest for 6 months. Planned treatment was given in 40% of patients in arm A and 29% in arm B. The cumulative rates of the relative total administration dose of S-1 at 100% were 54.9% (95% CI: 40.1-69.7%) in arm A and 34.3% (95% CI: 21.1-47.4%) in arm B, respectively (P=0.054). Adverse events were recorded in 41 patients (82.0%) in arm A and 48 patients (94.1%) in arm B (P=0.060). The incidences of diarrhoea (10 vs 28%; P<0.05) and skin toxicities (18 vs 37%; P<0.05) were significantly higher in arm B. One-year disease-free survival was similar in both arms: arm A 81.2% (95% CI: 70.0-92.4%); arm B 77.0% (95% CI: 65.0-89.0%). The schedule of 2-week administration followed by 1-week rest seems to be more feasible for oral 6-month administration of S-1 in adjuvant chemotherapy of locoregionally advanced SCCHN.

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