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Ann Pharmacother. 2005 Nov;39(11):1870-8. Epub 2005 Sep 27.

Vitamin E supplementation in cardiovascular disease and cancer prevention: Part 1.

Author information

1
Arnold and Marie Schwartz College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Long Island University, Brooklyn, NY 11201-5497, USA. david.pham@liu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review clinical trials evaluating the safety and efficacy of vitamin E supplementation in cardiovascular disease and cancer prevention.

DATA SOURCES:

Using the MeSH search terms alpha-tocopherol, tocopherols, vitamin E, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, malignancy, and clinical trials, a literature review was conducted to identify peer-reviewed articles in MEDLINE (1966-July 2005).

STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION:

Published materials including original research, and previous meta-analyses were included. Only English-language articles and trials on vitamin E alone or in combination with other vitamins or minerals were reviewed. Emphasis was placed on prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

Eight clinical studies demonstrated contradicting results regarding the benefits of vitamin E in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer. There is enough evidence from large, well-designed studies to discourage the use of vitamin E in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Secondary prevention requires more adequate clinical trials with selected populations to examine protective effects of vitamin E in cardiovascular disease. The findings of the studies reviewed do not provide evidence that vitamin E may reduce the risk of cancer; thus, at the present time, we do not recommend daily vitamin E intake for cancer prevention is not recommended.

CONCLUSIONS:

Available data do not support the supplementation of vitamin E in cardiovascular disease and cancer prevention.

PMID:
16189282
DOI:
10.1345/aph.1G211
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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