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J Clin Pathol. 2005 Oct;58(10):1076-80.

Gene amplification and protein expression of EGFR and HER2 by chromogenic in situ hybridisation and immunohistochemistry in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma of the lung.

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1
Department of Pathology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.

Abstract

AIMS:

To investigate the importance of gene amplification and EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) and HER2 protein expression during the progression of adenocarcinoma of the lung.

METHODS:

EGFR and HER2 gene amplification was examined in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH), bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (BAC), and adenocarcinoma with mixed subtypes (MX) by chromogenic in situ hybridisation (CISH), and protein expression was examined by immunohistochemistry using paraffin wax embedded tissues.

RESULTS:

EGFR and HER2 gene amplification was found in four and two of 86 cases, respectively, and was detected only in the invasive components of MX. EGFR and HER2 protein expression was seen in 24 and 18 of 86 cases, respectively. EGFR and HER2 proteins were not expressed in AAH but were expressed in one BAC case each. EGFR and HER2 proteins were expressed in 23 and 17 of 55 adenocarcinomas with MX. EGFR and HER2 protein expression was seen more often in the invasive components than in the BAC components of MX, and increased significantly as lesions progressed from AAH to BAC, early MX, and overt MX. Because EGFR and HER2 protein expression was frequently seen without gene amplification, other mechanisms apart from gene amplification may be associated with protein expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

EGFR and HER2 gene amplification may be a late event and EGFR and HER2 protein expression may be associated with the development of adenocarcinoma of the lung.

PMID:
16189154
PMCID:
PMC1770741
DOI:
10.1136/jcp.2004.025585
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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