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Nat Mater. 2005 Oct;4(10):754-8. Epub 2005 Sep 25.

Residual stresses in thin polymer films cause rupture and dominate early stages of dewetting.

Author information

1
Institut de Chimie des Surfaces et Interfaces, CNRS-UHA, 15, rue Jean Starcky, BP 2488, 68057 Mulhouse Cedex, France. g.reiter@uha.fr

Abstract

In attempting to reduce the size of functional devices, the thickness of polymer films has reached values even smaller than the diameter of the unperturbed molecule. However, despite enormous efforts for more than a decade, our understanding of the origin of some puzzling properties of such thin films is still not satisfactory and several peculiar observations remain mysterious. For example, under certain conditions, such films show negative expansion coefficients or show undesirable rupture although energetically they are expected to be stable. Here, we demonstrate that many of these extraordinary effects can be related to residual stresses within the film, resulting from the preparation of these films from solution by fast evaporation of the solvent. Consequently, depending on thermal history and ageing time, such films show significant changes even in the glassy state, which we quantify by dewetting experiments and corresponding theoretical studies. Identifying the relevance of frozen-in polymer conformations gives us a handle for manipulating and controlling properties of nanometric thin polymer films.

PMID:
16184173
DOI:
10.1038/nmat1484
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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