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FEBS Lett. 1992 Jun 15;304(2-3):146-8.

Purification and primary structure of murine cryptdin-1, a Paneth cell defensin.

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Cell Biology Unit, Shriners Burns Institute, Cambridge, MA 02142.


We have purified and determined the amino acid sequence of cryptdin-1, a murine Paneth cell defensin. The peptide corresponds to a previously characterized mRNA that accumulates to high abundance during postnatal ontogeny of the small bowel. Acid-extracted intestinal protein was fractionated by cation-exchange chromatography and fractions were assayed for antimicrobial activity. One peak of anti-Salmonella activity contained a putative defensin, based on its predicted electrophoretic migration in acid-urea PAGE. The peptide was purified to homogeneity by RP-HPLC and sequenced. These studies demonstrate defensin expression in non-myeloid tissue. The N-terminal extension of cryptdin-1 is a unique structural feature of this novel epithelial defensin.

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