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Transplant Proc. 2005 Jul-Aug;37(6):2611-3.

Basiliximab in a triple-drug regimen with tacrolimus and steroids in liver transplantation.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, IsMeTT-UPMC, Palermo, Italy. sgruttadauria@ismett.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Basiliximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody (mAb) directed against the alpha chain of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor (CD25), has been extensively evaluated as induction therapy for kidney transplant recipients, more frequently in combination with a cyclosporine-based regimen. In this study, we assessed the efficacy and safety of basiliximab in combination with tacrolimus and steroids following liver transplantation.

METHODS:

One hundred fifty-two liver transplant recipients (141 cadaveric donors and 11 living donors [LRLT]) in the last 4 years were treated with 2 20-mg doses of basiliximab (days 0 and 4 posttransplantation) followed by tacrolimus (0.15 mg/kg/d; 10-15 ng/mL target trough levels) and steroids (500 mg intravenous [IV] bolus at the reperfusion followed by 20 mg orally daily and weaning off in 1 or 2 months). Follow-up ranged from 104 to 1630 days after transplantation (mean, 665 days; SD +/- 442.65; median, 509 days).

RESULTS:

Eighty-five percent of patients remained rejection-free during follow-up with an actuarial rejection-free probability of 78% within 3 months. Nineteen patients had 22 episodes of biopsy-proven acute cellular rejection (ACR). Actuarial patient and graft survival rates at 3 years were 86.7% and 75.8%, respectively. Twenty-seven patients (20.6%) experienced 1 episode of sepsis, requiring temporary reduction of immunosuppressive therapy. There was no evidence of CMV infections or side effects related to basiliximab. We observed 2 de novo malignancies, 1 recurrence from an ileal carcinoid tumor and 1 pulmonary recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in 1 recipient of LRLT.

CONCLUSIONS:

Basiliximab in association with tacrolimus and steroids is effective prophylaxis of ACR in liver transplant recipients and does not increase the incidence of infections or adverse effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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