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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 Dec 30;1754(1-2):79-99. Epub 2005 Sep 8.

Peptide inhibitors of protein kinases-discovery, characterisation and use.

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Cell Signalling Laboratory, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (M310), School of Biomedical, Biomolecular and Chemical Sciences, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia.


Protein kinases are now the second largest group of drug targets, and most protein kinase inhibitors in clinical development are directed towards the ATP-binding site. However, these inhibitors must compete with high intracellular ATP concentrations and they must discriminate between the ATP-binding sites of all protein kinases as well the other proteins that also utilise ATP. It would therefore be beneficial to target sites on protein kinases other than the ATP-binding site. This review describes the discovery, characterisation and use of peptide inhibitors of protein kinases. In many cases, the development of these peptides has resulted from an understanding of the specific protein-binding partners for a particular protein kinase. In addition, novel peptide sequences have been discovered in library screening approaches and have provided new leads in the discovery and/or design of peptide inhibitors of protein kinases. These approaches are therefore providing exciting new opportunities in the development of ATP non-competitive inhibitors of protein kinases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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