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Domest Anim Endocrinol. 2006 Mar;30(3):170-84. Epub 2005 Aug 25.

Ontogenesis of mRNA levels and binding sites of hepatic alpha-adrenoceptors in young cattle.

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1
Division of Nutrition and Physiology, Institute of Animal Genetics, Nutrition and Housing, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland.

Abstract

Catecholamines affect hepatic glucose production through (alpha- and beta2-) adrenoceptors (AR). We studied mRNA abundance and binding of hepatic alpha-AR in pre-term (P0) calves and in full-term calves at day 0 (F0), day 5 (F5) and day 159 (F159) to test the hypothesis that gene expression and numbers of hepatic alpha-AR in calves are influenced by age and associated with beta2-AR and selected traits of glucose metabolism. mRNA levels of alpha1- and alpha2-AR were measured by real time RT-PCR. alpha1- and alpha2-AR numbers (maximal binding, Bmax) were determined by saturation binding of (3H)-prazosin and (3H)-RX821002, respectively. alpha1- and alpha2-AR subtypes were evaluated by competitive binding. alpha1A-AR mRNA levels were lower in P0 than in F0, F5 and F159 and alpha(2AD)-AR mRNA levels were lower in F159 than in P0, F0 and F5, while alpha2C-AR mRNA levels increased from P0 and F0 to F5 and F159. Bmax of alpha1-AR increased from P0 to F5, then decreased in F159. Bmax of alpha2-AR decreased from F0 to F159. Bmax of alpha1-AR was positively associated with mRNA levels of alpha1A-AR (r = 0.7), Bmax of beta2-AR (r = 0.5) and negatively with hepatic glycogen content (r = -0.6). Bmax of alpha2-AR was negatively associated with Bmax of beta2-AR (r = -0.4). In conclusion, mRNA levels and binding sites of alpha1- and alpha2-AR in calves exhibited developmental changes and were negatively associated with hepatic glycogen content.

PMID:
16182505
DOI:
10.1016/j.domaniend.2005.07.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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