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Clin Chim Acta. 2006 Mar;365(1-2):104-8. Epub 2005 Sep 21.

The influence of NAT2 genotypes on the plasma concentration of isoniazid and acetylisoniazid in Chinese pulmonary tuberculosis patients.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Jinling Hospital, 305 East Zhongshan Road, Nanjing 210002, PR China.



Isoniazid (INH) is widely used in the therapy of tuberculosis. Poor metabolizer (PM) of the NAT2 is an important reason of inter-individual difference of the plasma INH concentration. We studied the relationship between NAT2 genotype and INH and its metabolite acetylisoniazid (AcINH) concentration in Chinese people.


Forty-six tuberculosis patients were enrolled in the study. Each patient took 300 mg INH daily for at least 7 days. Two hours after the INH was given, the vein blood was drawn. NAT2 genotypes of patients were detected by a reverse dot blot (RDB) method. The plasma concentration of INH and AcINH was determined by a precolumn derivation HPLC method.


In 46 patients, homozygous mutant (m/m), heterozygous mutant (m/wt) and homozygous wild-type (wt/wt) subjects were 7, 22 and 17, respectively. Plasma concentration of INH and AcINH were 12.74+/-10.51 and 12.49+/-9.61 micromol/l, respectively. There was no statistical difference among 3 genotypes. The ratios of AcINH and INH (R(A/I)) of 3 genotypes were 0.67+/-0.34, 0.88+/-0.40 and 1.69+/-0.66, respectively. The R(A/I) of m/m and m/wt group were significantly lower than wt/wt group (P<0.01).


The results suggest that various NAT2 genotypes in Chinese tuberculosis patients have great impact on the metabolism capacity of NAT2. This finding maybe valuable in the rational use of relevant drugs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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