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Immunol Rev. 2005 Oct;207:145-57.

Mechanisms of MHC class I-restricted antigen processing and cross-presentation.

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Section of Immunobiology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


In this review, we discuss recent data from our laboratory that address two aspects of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted antigen processing. First, we consider the nature of the peptide-loading complex, which is the assembly of proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) into which newly synthesized MHC class I-beta(2) microglobulin (beta(2)m) heterodimers are incorporated, and the mechanisms involved in MHC class I assembly and peptide loading that are facilitated by the peptide-loading complex. Second, we discuss mechanisms of cross-presentation, the phenomenon whereby extracellular and luminal protein antigens can be processed by antigen-presenting cells, particularly dendritic cells, and presented by MHC class I molecules to CD8(+) T cells. The focus of the discussion is mainly on the human MHC class I system.

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