Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005 Aug;1053:334-47.

Antioxidant effects of N-acetylserotonin: possible mechanisms and clinical implications.

Author information

1
Melatonin Clinic and Pineal Research Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02135, USA. goxenkrug@tufts-nemc.org

Abstract

This paper will review our recent data relevant to the antioxidant effects of N-acetylserotonin (NAS), the immediate precursor of melatonin, the pineal gland indole. Mechanisms of the antioxidant effects of NAS might involve interaction with melatonin type 3 receptors and nonreceptor mechanisms such as stimulation of glutathione peroxidase, an antioxidant enzyme; inhibition of lipid peroxidation; suppression of phospholipase A2 activation; attenuation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha production; prevention of pathological opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pores; and inhibition of sepiapterin reductase, the key enzyme of biosynthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin, the essential cofactor of nitric oxide synthase. NAS actions on some of these enzymes might be receptor-mediated. Protective effects of NAS against oxidative damage are independent from the effect of melatonin and, depending on the model, are 5 to 20 times stronger than that of melatonin. Antioxidant effect of NAS might underpin its cognition-enhancing, antiaging, antidepressant, antihypertensive, and antitumor effects. NAS and its derivatives might be useful in protection against oxidative stress-related disorders (cell death, mutagenesis, aging) and diseases (sepsis, cancer, postischemic trauma, Alzheimer's disease, parkinsonism).

PMID:
16179540
DOI:
10.1196/annals.1344.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center