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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Oct 4;102(40):14244-8. Epub 2005 Sep 22.

Inhibition of Aurora-B kinase activity by poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation in response to DNA damage.

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Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Université Louis Pasteur, B.P. 10142, 67404 Illkirch, Strasbourg, France.


The cell cycle-regulated Aurora-B kinase is a chromosomal passenger protein that is implicated in fundamental mitotic events, including chromosome alignment and segregation and spindle checkpoint function. Aurora-B phosphorylates serine 10 of histone H3, a function that has been associated with mitotic chromatin condensation. We find that activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) 1 by DNA damage results in a rapid block of H3 phosphorylation. PARP-1 is a NAD(+)-dependent enzyme that plays a multifunctional role in DNA damage detection and repair and maintenance of genomic stability. Here, we show that Aurora-B physically and specifically associates with the BRCT (BRCA-1 C-terminal) domain of PARP-1. Aurora-B becomes highly poly(ADP-ribosyl)ated in response to DNA damage, a modification that leads to a striking inhibition of its kinase activity. The highly similar Aurora-A kinase is not regulated by PARP-1. We propose that the specific inhibition of Aurora-B kinase activity by PARP-1 contributes to the physiological response to DNA damage.

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